Agriculture and droughtsThe potential increasing occurrence of droughts, affecting local and regional food security and economies, poses a major threat to the agricultural sector in Europe. Agriculture is a major economic sector and forms a significant part of the food supply in Europe.

Especially in the Mediterranean part of Europe, droughts are relatively frequent. Below-average conditions in water resources availability can have serious consequences for the agricultural sector also in Northern Europe.

The agricultural sector, water managers and other decision-makers can benefit from climatological and hydrological outlooks to better anticipate drought conditions and take preventive actions to reduce their impacts. However, the use of operational forecasts and projections is still limited.

In this sectoral survey, new methodologies and tools were applied in various case studies to learn from historic drought events and to better anticipate future events

Partners: Future Water, TUC, Deltares, IVM, HKV, UPV, POLMIL


Assessment for climate predictions in the agricultural sector

Weather and climate predictions are getting better and better - but are they actually reaching you? And are they serving your needs?

A large consortium of European institutes and the private sector worked together in the IMPREX project to understand this better so we could respond to these needs.

Key questions we had are:

1. What weather and climate predictions are you using today, if any?
2. What are you missing, and what is actually of interest for your organisation?

With this survey, we collected your viewpoint on the need for and the value of weather and climate services for the agricultural sector in Europe and internationally. The purpose was to help us improve current forecasts and their usefulness.

Filling in the survey will only take you approximately 7 minutes but your input is very much needed and highly valuable for the IMPREX project.

All answers were treated confidentially and anonymously.

Links to the pas survey:

For more information, please contact Johannes Hunink at:  


Application of multihazard drought risk management tools

This report focuses on the application of a multihazard drought risk management tool in three pilot studies. One of the pilots is located in Spain and two of the pilots are located in The Netherlands. The methods used in the two countries differ. A description of the applied methods and the results are given. The risk profiles and conclusions that can be drawn from them are described. A comparison of the pilot studies is made, in which the differences and the implications of the differences are described. The drought risk approach has not yet proven its use in management or operational advice. Based on the results of the three case studies, the method is promising.

Read the full report on the multi-hazard drought management tool and its application.

Index-based drought risk assessment

This report presents the results of the work on assessing the relationships between drought indices from global datasets, and local drought impacts. This has been done for several case study areas, using a wide range of methodologies and datasets.

Climate change in agricultural water accounting system

This report presents a simplified water accounting framework that allows a standardised examination of climate impacts on water resources availability and use across multiple basins. The framework is applied to five different river basins across Europe. Several indicators are extracted that describe explicitly green water fluxes versus blue water fluxes and impacts on agriculture. The examples show that a simplified water accounting framework can be used to synthesise basin-level information on climate change impacts, which can support policymaking on climate adaptation, water resources and agriculture.

Read the full report here.